Top 5 Worst Environmental Disasters of All Time

Top 5 Worst Environmental Disasters of All Time

Humanity has not always been kind to the environment. In fact, there have been incredible disasters caused by humans in the past decades, centuries, and some are still showing effects. It’s difficult to imagine Earth taking on such a force, but it happens on a daily basis. Millions of pounds of trash pile up, oil spills, smoke pouring into the skies, radiation hitting the ocean, and so much more happen on a regular basis. However, amongst all of that, some disasters are harder on the planet then others. For instance, there are 5 major disasters that have shocked the Earth so hard, that many are still seeing problems associated with it.

5 Terrible Environmental Events

The following is a list that has been compiled of the worst environmental disasters of all time. The criteria used was simple and worth noting, as some may argue with the validity. Even though some other disasters may take the cake, this list utilizes some factors to consider.

  • Devastation – Amount of devastation on the planet, whether in 1 or more ecosystems.
  • Recovery – Time of recovery, and whether or not it has even been fixed.
  • Age – How many years ago has it occurred.

Using the criteria above, and a few historical data banks, the following events are seriously detrimental to the world as we know it, and some, are still rocking humanity on many levels.

Burning Car Explodes

Burning fuel fire

Chernobyl (1986)

Nuclear power is always a point of contention in modernity, and it’s because of what happened on April 26, 1986. The power plant that was located in Ukraine blew up and caused a deluge of radiation towards the earth. The fallout eclipsed the World Wars and created a lot of bad problems, including thousands of children coming down with serious cancers. To this day, 20 miles around in diameter is closed off, and to this day, no major nuclear-power plants can continue to work in the same capacity that Chernobyl once did. Effects are still being felt in the area, as the radiation poured in serious amounts. For more information, check out the Wikipedia page.

Seveso (1976)

The worst thing about environmental disasters is that they can truly be deadly and not just for the environment but for anything living around the problem. In the case of Seveso, a dioxin cloud was released from a chemical plant causing anyone in the area to essentially die off. Animals died first, completely evaporating within a short span of time. Then children felt the effects and eventually people were evacuated as the symptoms started to get worse and worse. To this day, the soil is still contaminated, but those in and around the town live there, despite the danger.

Exxon Valdez (1989)

Alaska doesn’t get a lot of attention at times. In recent memories it is known more for the political arena than anything else, but in 1989 it was definitely on the minds of millions. On March 24, 1989 an oil tanker the “Exxon Valdez” hit trouble and dumped out nearly 11 million gallons of oil through the waters. 500 miles of oil was spread out through the Alaskan coastline and that completely decimated the area, and killed of wildlife into the hundreds of thousands. The clean up effort was massive, but as far as the disaster reach, and some analysts still say that it’s the worst disaster in history. Even with the recent Gulf of Mexico oil spill, this is one of the most complex and serious of all time. Effects are still being felt in certain regions.

Aral Sea (2010)

Not a lot of talk is made about waters across the earth drying up. Sure, some talk about global warming, water levels dropping, and rising as a result, but what about severe droughts? What about man made water diversion? In 2010 news broke that in Central Asia, the Aral Sea had nearly dried up. That’s right, what was once one of the largest lakes on earth is completely dry, and is now just a desert of sand and storms. The Soviet Union was initially to blame pulling water from this source to other projects, and what once used to be a fully alive body of water is nothing more than a graveyard of the past.

Bhopal (1984)

After surveying the worst environmental disasters, this one has to be one of the worst, and still talked about amidst scholars. December 2, 1984 in Bhopal, India over 40 tons of methyl isocyanate ploughed through the surrounding area. That was enough to kill thousands of people within a matter of hours, but if that wasn’t enough, thousands more fell over the next few months. It didn’t end there, millions of people fell ill with serious problems from blindness, to organ failure, and more. Birth defects and a great deal other problems persisted and still has consequences for people around the area. After a decade of fighting, this environmental and industrial accident is by far one of the worst to effect men, women, children, and animals around the world. You can have a quick look at a short film on YouTube which was uploaded quite recently.

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Modern Food – The Good, The Bad & The Ugly

Thousands of years ago, Man lived very naturally. Being self sufficient and farming the land meant that he knew how to cultivate the land to produce the most fruitful harvest possible from the soil and resources available. The fruits and vegetables were naturally organic, as no fertilisers and pesticides were produced in those times to deal with natural pests and crop diseases.

All foods that were made contained only natural ingredients, either caught or harvested, from the immediate land surrounding the settlements of the time. All food, therefore, was healthy, nutritious and contained a balance of minerals and nutrients which the body needed. It was a time where life might have been comparatively harder but also more rewarding and naturally healthy.

The Modern Foods

The agricultural and industrial revolutions changed all of that. Science and technology was used to manipulate plants and fruits in order to produce the highest possible yields from the least amount of output; a high Return On Investment (ROI). This made economic sense in that the farmers and business owners were producing great volumes from the same amount of seed. The production output from the land was increased 10 fold and this also meant that the number of people that the crops could support increased.

However, with an increase in quantity rarely does an increase in quality prevail. In that sense we have actually taken a backward step in terms of quality of food that we eat today.

World Wide Shipping

Walk into any supermarket in the UK and you will be confronted with exotic fruits from around the World, all year round. No longer do you have to wait for a fruit or vegetable to be in season, as somewhere else in the World it will be in season and can be flown in. To see grapes from South America seems crazy. What a waste of energy and huge amount of pollution just so that we can have grapes all year round.

Convenience Food

Arriving in any Tesco Metro store in London will give you a taste of just how unhealthy we are nowadays. The shelves are packed with colourful, tempting treats that most people cannot resist which is totally understandable. Marketers and food producers use every trick in the book to entice us into buying their deliciously sweet treats at every corner. Millions of pounds every year are spent on understanding human and consumer buying habits in order to persuade the customer into buying those extra, highly profitable items.

Convenience and Training

The food supplement industry is massive and growing at an ever increasing rate as people attempt to find the quick fix to a health problem. Protein shakes, energy gels, metabolism boosters. You dream it, they’ll create it. Check out any Holland & Barrett’s store and you can find an A-Z of every type of supplement available. But are they worthwhile? Well, the jury is still out on that one but it would seem logical that a convenience supplement that mimics the ingredients found in healthy foods should be good for you if you need to have it instead of a chocolate bar as a snack on the go. Having a protein shake instead of anything like a biscuit is a much better option, even if the protein shake is not quite as nutritionally good for you as a proper meal.

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The Ethical Problems of Global Warming

The Ethical Problems of Global Warming

If the phenomenon of global warming is true, then the future of this planet is at stake. But this leads to various questions, without any easy answers. The most pressing question tends to be: what does this generation need to sacrifice in order for the future generations to survive? After all, if the governments and businesses all around the world made global warming a number one priority, then drastic changes will surely follow; changes that everyone might be uncomfortable with. This dilemma eventually leads to the ethical problems of global warming. Questions of morality are never far from this discussion, for this problem is directly related to the continuing survival of Earth.

The Cost of Global Warming

In the past half-century, people have seen the world progress at such a fast pace. Industry and technology continue to grow at speeds the world never thought possible. According to economists, the world is more prosperous than ever. There exist things and commodities that people never even dreamed of. But even with all these monumental happenings, the question needs to be asked: at what cost?

At the same time as our population speeds along the road of progress, the world has become more toxic. More poisonous gases are filling up the atmosphere. More forests are being cut down, and more rivers, lakes, and oceans are being poisoned. Industry and technology may have helped humanity progress but at the cost of its own survival. As people look back on all the massive technological transformations of the past half-century and look forward to a potentially catastrophic future, progress looks more like the deal of the devil.

Yet, will the world ever give up on its addiction to technological and industrial progress? Will the world find ways in which this progress can coexist with a radical environmentalism? Should progress be put on hold? Once again, this is an ethical question that needs some philosophizing.

The Use of Technology

Technology has accelerated in such a speed that it constantly creates new things. If one of those new things happens to be the solution to global warming, such as an alternative energy source, then one can argue that continuing industrial and technological progress is for the best. However, the time between now and the new thing, if it ever appears, may be too long to wait. Thus, it can be argued that technological progress needs to slow down or be stopped dead in its tracks. As said before, such a question cannot lead to a simple answer.

At a time when a solution to global warming is needed more than ever, people involved in the global warming debate are trapped in a dilemma. It appears that in order to combat global warming the world needs to take big strides before it is too late. New environmental policies need to be implemented, while small things such as citizens going green apparently may not be enough to fight what is in reality a systemic problem. However, doing such small things will hopefully inspire people to do the same. Going green may not be a long-term solution to global warming, but it is an ethical way of living. 

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Tourism and Environmental Issues

Tourism and Environmental Issues

If you look around the World you will find some amazing natural environments which have been there for thousands or even millions of years, those such as The Grand Canyon and Niagra Falls come to mind. These naturally beautiful and incredible sights are actually still changing all of the time as erosion, climate changes, plants and animals have their impact on them.

What I would like to discuss today is the human impact on such areas, and whether or not more should be done to help preserve the natural landscape as it was or whether there is an argument to say that by allowing humans to walk, wade and build all over them is also just part of the natural evolution of the place. Check out this video for a few facts about Tutankhamun if you are interested:

Faking It

Just this month there was news that a replica of Tutankhamun’s tomb was to be built in order to preserve the original, as apparently the moisture from tourists breathing over many years has caused massive degradation to the tomb. This has been met with some skepticism, which is totally understandable as would you travel all the way to Egypt a fake!? On the other hand, if they had to close the tomb so no visitors could see it, maybe it would be preferable to see a replica rather than nothing at all.

Mount Kilimanjaro

This mountain is one of the most famous in the World, outside of the Himalayas, and for good reason. It is the highest peak in Africa and thousands of people go there every year to climb it. It is reported that  the impact of tourism on this area is huge, with nearly 11,000 people employed as a result of tourism and that translates to more money, better education and living standards for those who work and live in the area. The World Bank have a more in-depth story on it here.

There is a Flickr group which contains some great shots of on and around Mt Kilimanjaro here:

https://www.flickr.com/groups/kilimanjarogroup/

However, there is also the risk that the number of visitors to the site cause erosion that is just not natural. Forging pathways along routes of the mountain that would not usually have walkers, which in turn changes how the mountain responds to the rainy season. For example, more compact ground leads to higher surface water run off which can lead to increased flooding.

Check out the Travel Wiki for more information about Mt. Kilimanjaro. As an example, this site shows how people have even created their own websites about climbing the mountain. The site, belonging to a guy named Lee, details some of the routes, the journey and some photos from his trip. Now, are these kinds of sites inspiring more people to do the trek? I would only assume so, and it also leads people to believe that it is more achievable.

Summary

Personally, I think that people will have a hard time trying to convince the government to do anything about erosion when this tourist attraction brings in so much money for the country each year. Furthermore, people’s lives who work there are being transformed as a result of it so they are surely thankful that they are able to make a better life for themselves. These are all positives, so the fact that there is a little more erosion on the mountain…Well, I’m sure that most people will say that is just one small negative associated with many positives.

I guess the best approach is to appoint a governing body who will oversee these kind of sights and look at the best interests of local people, the country and the natural beauty itself. There has to be a balance somewhere. In Peru, I believe that they have had the same problems at a site called Macchu Picchu, which has had to restrict the number of visitors which are allowed to be in the park during each day. This has had other effects, such as rising ticket prices and people who are willing to buy tickets last minute on the black market for a much higher price. There will always be a trade-off between allowing people completely free reign over an area and environmental factors which will influence the area. I just hope that we are all able to live on the Earth together without causing too much destruction to the natural wonders of the World.

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The Causes of Global Warming

The Causes of Global Warming

One of the main issues of the 21st century is the issue of global warming. Scientists have talked about it, politicians have debated on it, and films have been made on it. Global warming is now part of the cultural lexicon. On the other hand, not a lot of people know the devastating details of global warming. A lot of people know that global warming is about the Earth getting hotter and hotter as the decades go by until it reaches a catastrophic level.

What Causes Global Warming?

Many people may know what global warming is but they do not know its root causes. It can be said that people find it easy enough to take the root causes of global warming for granted because they are ever so present in modern day living. What they do not know is that the more they ignore these causes, the more catastrophic the consequences could be.

Whenever a person turns on a light or starts up their car, these everyday acts are actually contributing to global warming. When one turns on the light, energy is being used and its emissions are going up into the atmosphere. When one starts up the car, its fumes also head straight up into the atmosphere. These emissions that go up into the atmosphere are made up of carbon dioxide (Co2). Instead of moving away into space, the Co2 is trapped by the atmosphere and creates a kind of blanket effect on the planet. The Co2 traps the planet. Thus heat cannot escape out of the atmosphere and it stays on Earth, warming it up in the process. The Co2 emissions are the root cause of global warming.

Co2 Emissions

Unfortunately, right now Co2 emissions are a fact of everyday life. Energy companies which supply the world’s electricity cannot run without Co2 emissions. Our transportation cannot travel without Co2 emissions. One hopes that with alternative energy sources the world can do away with Co2 emissions. However, Co2, unlike other chemicals, lingers even after a long while. And the accumulation of Co2 by the atmosphere is about to reach dangerous levels within the next few decades.

To add insult to injury, not only is the world sending up Co2 emissions to the atmosphere, but it is also depleting any healthy oxygen emissions by continuing to cut down forests and poison rivers and oceans. The results of massive industrialization are also one of the root causes of global warming. In addition to this, waste management, such as burning refuse, brings out nitrous oxide and methane to the atmosphere. Both of these chemicals are toxic. And if these chemicals are trapped within the Co2 blanket, then the air the world will be inhaling will be poisonous in the very near future.

Final Thoughts

Looking at the root causes of global warming, one will realize why people usually do know about these things. It is too bleak and even apocalyptic to think of such things. However, it is only by looking at the causes that solutions can be found. And the world needs a solution to global warming now more than ever. 

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Health Dangers of Global Warming

Health Dangers of Global Warming

What is Global Warming?

Global warming is the phenomenon of the continual rise in the Earth’s temperature due to carbon dioxide emissions creating a “blanket” around the planet and thereby trapping in the heat. A lot of the apocalyptic images of the effects of global warming involve the melting of the polar ice caps or the constant heat waves that will spread doom around the world. Even though these images of a bleak future are plausible, they are not the greatest danger to humanity caused by global warming. The greatest danger is more subtle and its catastrophic effects may already be beginning. The danger to the world’s health in general caused by global warming is arguably the most pressing issue of environmentalism today. To read a little more about global warming check out the Wikipedia page.

Industrialization and Human Health

For the reason that constant industrialization is one of the key causes of global warming, one should take note of the fact

Factory Fumes

Industrialization and Global Warming

that a majority of the world’s population make their living in the working conditions of industrialization. Laborers all around the world work in coal mines, oil wells, and in factories that emit the Co2 emissions that are causing global warming. Because they work so long and so closely with these materials that are scientifically proven to be detrimental to their health, these workers usually have a lower life expectancy than usual. In the coal mines, workers contract black lung. In oil wells, workers suffer from cancer. In the factories, workers are poisoned. As long as these working conditions remain, workers will continue to die from the industry machine that is one of the root causes of global warming.

In addition to this, the Co2 blanket is not only trapping heat but it is also trapping poisonous gases. All the gases that are emitted by waste management, such as methane or nitrous oxide, are deadly to human beings. In earlier days, when industrialization was not as massive as today and the Co2 blanket was not as thick, most of the toxic gases would disappear out of the atmosphere and into space. Nowadays, because these gases are trapped inside the planet, the world is vulnerable to them. The air has never been more toxic than it is today. Pollution is at an all time high, not just because of the hundreds of thousands of cars emitting Co2 around the world but because of deforestation and the poisoning of our oceans, rivers, and lakes.

Natural Combatants to Global Warming

Not only is the world getting more toxic, but on an environmental scale the world has fewer things to combat this toxicity. Before, the rain-forests continued to emit good oxygen into the atmosphere. This would help combat any Co2 or toxic gas that went into the air. But because more forests are being cut down, there is less oxygen in the air than ever before. In the future, it is not unthinkable to see the world’s population living with gas masks all the time.

Global warming is a threat to the planet’s survival. It is a threat to everyone. If things continue the way they are now, then tragically there may be no future for our future generations. The United States Environmental Protection Agency also has more details on this subject, which you can check out here.

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Children’s Health

Children’s Health

I don’t think that it’s up for debate that the health of our children is not something which should be taken lightly or ignored in any way. A healthy child is one who will be active, energetic, balanced in the mind and willing to work hard and concentrate on learning new things about the world.

Children are often the best learners because they are receptive to new ideas, suggestions and do not approach a topic with preconceived ideas. They are open and honest in their ideas, too, usually creating completely different ideas about how to solve a problem.

Diet

I believe that the diet you have really influences your behaviour in a significant way. Eating chocolate, crisps and other highly processed and sugar full snacks is a sure way to have a child who is going to be up and down with mood swings like a yo-yo! Ideally you want there to be a balance in your child’s diet so that they are consistently in a good mood, by eating good food.

Although it can be very difficult because children nearly always want chocolate and crisps over healthy food like vegetables, you must try and limit the amount of the bad stuff that they consume. Perhaps allow them to have one sweet treat per day, after the main meal of the day and no more. Even then, if you can try to keep it healthy that would be good, so maybe fruit with yogurt or some ice-cream which has fewer preservatives and bad contents.

Treats

Oftentimes chocolate and bad things are used as a way to convince a child to do something or as a reward for them doing something well. Although these ideas always have good intentions it might be leading to a behaviour pattern whereby the child believes that the chocolate is a good thing and that they can have it when they have been good or think they deserve it.

Instead, you can find almost anything else to use as a reward. Perhaps a toy, extra time playing outside with their friends or more pocket money each week to incentivise them to behave well. This should help to remove the association with good behaviour and chocolate.

Lead by Example

Your children will want to do what you do so if you are eating chocolates, sweets and crisps and drinking fizzy drinks like Coca Cola al the time your children will do the same. If this is what you are used to then it’s going to require big changes for you to make sure your child doesn’t turn out with the same eating habits. It might be tough but it’s up to you to decide whether it’s worth it or not, your child’s health that is…

Conclusion

It takes a lot of effort to ensure that your child’s health is what it should be but if you make small changes consistently you should be able to notice a significant improvement over the weeks and months that you are trying to change the way your child associates with foods and therefore how healthy they are.

Good luck!

Image courtesy of NayPong / FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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How to Stay Healthy

How to Stay Healthy

In today’s world we are faced with problems that were not in existent many years ago, but the one which I would like to talk about today is healthy food and remaining nourished.

Ironic

Dry Infertile Soil

Bad soil = bad crop

The irony is that as we have developed food production has moved away from home-grown, nutritious and naturally organic food to highly chemical, processed and unhealthy foods. If you look at 90% of the products in the supermarket I bet that you will find nearly all of the fruit was farmed from a different country, and probably different continent, and that the packaged foods contain ingredients that look more at home in a chemistry lab than in food.

Unfortunately it has become the case that cheap food sells and consumers want cheaper food and more for less. This drives down the price so manufacturers look for ways of lowering that even further, thereby reducing the quality of the food. You see, food production the natural way is expensive; it takes a long time to grow, requires a lot of attention and has to be picked, packed and shipped.

The producers will reduce costs by getting cheaper labour, shipping in bulk and less often (so they have to pick fruit before it’s ripe) and use preservatives to keep the food from going off so it has a long shelf life.

Artificial

With modern science it has become far easier for companies to develop artificial ingredients to replace items which are expensive or more likely to expire quickly in foods. This has lead to many ingredients being developed which are not good for the human body. The body is not used to dealing with them because they are foreign and cause upset.

Unfortunately, because these items are easy and cheap to produce they infiltrate large numbers of food items and become the dominant ingredients in many foods. Further, people actually want more of them because they are the cheap foods and they would rather have the cheap food than the more expensive one, and most of the time they do not realise how bad it is for them because there is no immediate reaction to it.

Moving Forwards

I would highly recommend buying food which is locally sourced and, if possible, organic. Even if it’s not organic it would be still better to buy locally because of the early picking of the food and the conditions under which the food is subjected to while travelling many thousands of miles from one continent to the other. You can find out a little bit more about what organic food is, here.

If you can grow your own beans, tomatoes and potatoes in the garden then that is a massive plus for you and will benefit your health hugely. It will also teach you about growing food and probably appreciate it a little more so you don’t waste it, as you have put all that hard effort into growing it.

So, hopefully you will have a few ideas about this post and look at ways to reduce your intake of poor foods with cheap, highly processed ingredients.

Images courtesy of Simon Howden and Kittikun Atsawintarangkul / FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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Rising Sea Levels

Rising Sea Levels

It’s a question that causes much debate among people world over and also the scientists. Not everyone agrees and the fact that neither do the scientists causes much confusion and makes it unclear as to whether we should be worried about the human impact on rising sea levels.

There is mounting evidence that the sea levels are rising, however. It’s thought that the levels will continue to rise as the years go on. Researchers have shown that sea levels rose very little between 0 AD and the turn of the 20th century. However, from then global ocean levels rose and are continuing to do so.

There are two reasons that contribute to rising sea levels:

1. As the oceans warm they expand, this is just because water expands when it heats and contracts when it is colder.

2. The loss of ice results in more water in the oceans and therefore an increase in volume and rising sea levels.

The seas are rising at the rate of about 3mm per year.

Scientists Studies

Around 20 or so research scientists have looked into the rising sea levels around the both poles in order to try and come up with some conclusive evidence about whether or not the icecaps are melting and contributing significantly to rising sea levels.

Trying to understand fully exactly what is happening is no easy task because it is so difficult to measure what is happening with the ice, snow and land in a reliable method. It’s also very challenging to get access to these remote places to measure accurately.

BBC Image Showing Rising Sea Levels

Image courtesy of BBC.co.uk

The Risks

Many cities and populations will be at risk from rising sea levels because they are on low lying land. For example, the Netherlands and London mainly reside on the flood plains of large rivers and the sea.

The Results

The researchers found that some areas of ice were actually increasing in size while others were decreasing. However, the rate of decrease is higher than the others are increasing, therefore resulting in a net loss.

The conclusion was that the ice sheets melting have causes around 11mm of sea level rise, but it could be up to 4mm more or less than that in reality.

Image courtesy of CNaene / FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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Surviving The Ocean

Surviving The Ocean

Most people have considered what their chances would be if they ever became stranded out at sea, usually before some kind of boat journey in a country where health and safety is not so high on the list of priorities when operating a boating service for passengers.

So, with that in mind and about to embark on a journey in India where the chance of a boat trip is quite high, I thought I would do a little research and publish my findings about how to survive in the ocean if you find yourself lost at sea!

Take a Breath and Relax…

It’s the most commonly known piece of advice but often the least often implemented. You must remain as calm as possible. Panicking will not help at all. You should look around, see what the situation is and think about your best course of action. The next things you should do as as follows:

  1. Stay afloat
  2. Create/build a shelter to guard against the sun
  3. Decide if you think rescue will be on its way
  4. Look for sources of food and water
  5. Staying alive
  6. Getting rescued

Let’s take a closer look some of these points.

1. Staying Afloat

The first thing you need to do is make sure you can find something to get onto, such as a life raft or failing that any kind of debris that floats and you can hold onto. Anything is better than nothing and being stranded without a raft makes life a lot harder.

However, if you do find yourself without any kind of raft there are two techniques to use to conserve energy:

1. Float on your back in a star shape when the water is calm. This will conserve energy and if you can’t see land then you are going to have difficulty swimming for it and you would run out of energy. Stay floating and hope rescue arrives or you float towards land

2. If the sea is rough you should lie face down in the water and exhale when you are face down.

Life Float for Rescue

Life Float

Then bring your head up to take a breath when you need to. Lying face down and exhaling underwater will help to relax you as you are not so aware of the water splashing over your face.

2. Shelter

Your second task is to try and create some kind of shelter for yourself to safe-guard against the sun and adverse weather. If you have a life boat you are OK because it should have sides and you can sit inside. If it’s cold this will help keep you warm and if it’s hot in the day this should help protect you from the sun.

3. Rescue

Decide if you think you should just stay put and wait for rescue or make more of an effort to find your way to land. If you are in a more developed country it is likely that you are going to have a search party out looking for you very quickly. If not, then you should consider you options for finding land.

4. Food and Water

It’s really important to locate water ASAP because you can’t survive long without it. Ideally you would find some kind of floating water bottles full of water but that’s a bit of a long shot…So, you have a few options

Fishing

Fishing for food

Recycled Water – Your own urine can be used as a water source. It’s not pleasant but in a life of death situation you have to do whatever you need to. However, this is not a great option and should only be used as a last resort because it can cause more severe hydration due to the salts in it.

Rain Water – Catch as much of it as you can because it’s a great source of water. After catching it, try to keep a lid or cover over it to prevent it from evaporating.

Fishy Fluids – Fish are good for eating and hydrating. If you cut one open and drink from the spine area, eyes and flesh you should get some much needed fluids.

Sea Water – Most people recommend against this as it is so salty but it is an option if you have nothing else. Some people argue that the body is able to survive on salt water from the ocean.

Fish – As mentioned already fish are a great source of food. If you don’t have any water, though, eating might not be such a good idea as it requires water to digest. Only eat when you absolutely need to. You can last a long time without food.

5. Staying Alive

If you are in waters where there are predators like sharks you need to be careful not to release any blood into the water because they will sense it from many miles away and come to see what they can find. Try to stay away from the water if you have any kind of open wound.

6. Getting Rescued

You should try to do as much as possible to make yourself visible from the air if you think they will be searching for you. Any kind of flare gun or bright colured material should be kept ready to wave and use when appropriate.

Images courtesy of Salvatore Vuono, cbenjasuwan and bplanet / FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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